Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform, originally developed by Varien, a California-based US company. The software was first released on March 31, 2008 and Magento 2.0 was released on November 17, 2015 with a tentative three years fixed for users of Magento to migrate to Magento 2.0.
The support for the original version will end soon and work is in progress to ensure that the later version is as user-friendly and high-performing as the first. The new version comes with a brand new architecture, database design, and coding structure.
That Magento version is in its sunset stage is amply hinted by Paul Boisvert, Head of Product Management at Magento. He has also informed that November 18, 2018, was the exact date that the world would wind up Magento and officially usher in Magnet 2.0 though stores have a three-year End-of-Life period to switch to Magnet 2.0.
However, in a recent notification, Magento has informed that there are no immediate plans to withdraw support to Magento 1.0 even after 3 years.
Given this uncertainty, it will be wise for store owners to make preparations for migrating from Version 1.0 to 2.0 as soon as possible.
Be ready with the groundwork
Before taking the plunge, some preparation and background work is essential.
Take a full backup of your existing Magento1 including all folders, files, and database. Do not work on the live store but create a clone of the Magento 1 store for the migration process.
Do not keep redundant files and folders and delete whatever is unlikely to be used in the future. It includes logs, compared products, recently viewed products, and other similar items. Your Magento 2.0 store will then have a streamlined performance.
The next step is to make sure that your current theme, extensions, and custom code are matched with Magento 2.0. Once sure, you are now ready to migrate the data from the cloned database of the Magento 1.0 store.
To make the process smooth and trouble-free during
the actual migration, install a fresh copy of Magento 2.0 on the same hosting
server that now holds your Magento 2.0.
Here is a step-by-step guide that will help you make the transition from Magento 1 to Magento 2.
There are basically four stages that have to be carried out for effortless migration:
New techniques and technologies have been introduced in Magento 2.0 for an enhanced store-experience, both by the merchants and the users. Developers working on the migration can either modify the existing themes to make them compatible with the Magento 2.0 version or create new awesome and attractive ones.
But the theme cannot be directly migrated to the latest version of the platform. You have to have a new theme, even if it is a refurbished one from the previous version and then make it responsive for a heightened user experience.
If you feel that all this is troublesome, buy and install a Magento 2 theme from a reputed source or better still from the Magento Marketplace.
Extensions are critical components that provide new features as well as extend the functionalities of the Magento store. Hence, it is essential that the next step be the installation of the required Magento 2.0 extensions that can be had on the Magento Marketplace.
Do not take the easy way out and try to integrate the extensions of Magento 1 in Magento 2. It will not work and you will face severe compatibility issues.
Even though the Magento developers, agencies and their community have been working on making extensions of the two versions match and work well, they have not been successful till date.
The only option for you, therefore, is to install the required extensions that are available on the Magento 2.0 stores.
The custom code in most cases used by the Magento 1.0 store is compatible with the Magento 2.0 store. You can use the Code Migration Toolkit of Magento to facilitate this process. However, it is not a plug-and-play process and the two will not automatically merge into one another.
Because of the basic structural differences between the platforms, Magento migration requires additional work by the developers to ensure that the custom code of M1 successfully integrates with M2.
This is the last part of the process that has to be carried out for migrating from Magento 1 to 2.0. It requires moving the existing settings and data to 2.0.
To help you and the developers achieve a smooth transition, Magento has officially released Magento 2 Data Migration Tool where you can use CLI commands to migrate store data and settings. It helps in migrating critical data including products, orders, categories, store configurations and settings in a seamless way to Magento 2.0.
As seen earlier, extensions, themes and other code customizations of Magento 1 cannot be automatically taken to the Magento 2.0 store. It is only the data and settings that can be transferred with this tool.
It is advisable that you contact your extension/theme provider to find out if they have as yet given an exporting option for Magento 2.0 platform.
The Data Migration tool can be installed in a fresh Magento 2 store through the Composer. It is not to be confused with a Magento 2 extension; it is simply a standalone shell application and entity that is required to make the Magento 2.0 store operational.
Ensure that the Magento 2.0 version and the Data Migration tool match before installing it. For instance, the Data Migration Tool version 2.2.0 will match only with Magento version 2.2.0.
In a nutshell, the latest version of the tool will match only the latest version of this platform. To know which version of the Magento 2.0 store you are using, navigate to the root directory of your Magento 2 platform via SSH and just enter the command php bin/Magento–version.
There are many advantages of the new Magento 2.0 platform. There is improved performance and scalability, an improved checkout process, a more organized admin interface, enhanced security and more sensitive and responsive design that works well on any Internet-enabled device.
For hassle-free and safe Magento migration, you can hire experienced Magento experts to get your job done.